Terminalia stenostachya Engl. & Diels

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Terminalia stenostachya

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Terminalia stenostachya

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Terminalia mollis sensu auctt. p.p.
Terminalia rhodesica R.E. Fr.
Terminalia torulosa sensu auct.
Common names:
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves 11-18 × 4.5-7.5 cm, conspicuously clustered into terminal rosettes, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, glabrous but rough and puckered above, with yellowish hairs below. Below the leaf rosettes, the branches are distinctly covered in pitted scars from former leaves, but do not become thickly corky. Flowers in slender, delicate, axillary spikes, creamy-white, unpleasantly scented. Fruit 4.5-6 × 2.5-3 cm, in small clusters among the leaf rosettes, 2-winged with fine short hairs, showy bright red, drying to reddish-brown.
Type location:
Notes: This species is very similar to T. mollis, which has larger, yellowish-green fruits in large pendulous clusters; leaves larger, smooth and not forming distinct rosettes.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC and Tanzania south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 October 2014

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 131. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 691. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 55.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 822. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 152 - 154. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 178.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 56. as Terminalia torulosa

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70.

Other sources of information about Terminalia stenostachya:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Malawi: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia stenostachya
Flora of Zimbabwe: Terminalia stenostachya

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia stenostachya
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia stenostachya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia stenostachya
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia stenostachya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Terminalia stenostachya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia stenostachya
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia stenostachya
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia stenostachya
Plants of the World Online: Terminalia stenostachya
Tropicos: Terminalia stenostachya
Wikipedia: Terminalia stenostachya

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Terminalia stenostachya.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142230, retrieved 23 April 2024

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