Euclea divinorum Hiern

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Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Euclea lanceolata sensu Hiern p.p.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite or subopposite, elliptic with distinctly undulate margins, dark bluish-green above, lighter below. Flowers small, creamy-white in short, dense, branched inflorescences in the leaf axils. Fruits small and spherical, thinly fleshy.
Type location:
Lectotype from Zambia, Victoria Falls; paratype from Mozambique
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: divinorum: plant used to make medicine for diviners in the Batoka region of southern Zambia.
Habitat: In open woodland, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: Up to 1580 m
Flowering time:Aug - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia and the Sudan south to South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 141.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 761. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 888 - 889. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 24.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 510 - 511. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 53.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 85. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 384 - 385. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 46.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 522 - 523. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 54.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 52.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 81 - 82.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 206.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 340 - 341. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 398 - 399. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 333.

White, F. (1983). Ebenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 298 - 300. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 229.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.

Other sources of information about Euclea divinorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Caprivi: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Malawi: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Mozambique: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euclea divinorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euclea divinorum
African Plant Database: Euclea divinorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euclea divinorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euclea divinorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euclea divinorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euclea divinorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euclea divinorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euclea divinorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euclea divinorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euclea divinorum
Ispot Southern Africa: Euclea divinorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Euclea divinorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euclea divinorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euclea divinorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euclea divinorum
Tropicos: Euclea divinorum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euclea divinorum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143880, retrieved 17 July 2019

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