Euclea divinorum Hiern

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Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe

Euclea divinorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe

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Synonyms: Euclea lanceolata sensu Hiern p.p.
Common names:
Status: Native
Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite or subopposite, elliptic with distinctly undulate margins, dark bluish-green above, lighter below. Flowers small, creamy-white in short, dense, branched inflorescences in the leaf axils. Fruits small and spherical, thinly fleshy.
Type location:
Lectotype from Zambia, Victoria Falls; paratype from Mozambique
Derivation of specific name: divinorum: plant used to make medicine for diviners in the Batoka region of southern Zambia.
Habitat: In open woodland, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: Up to 1580 m
Flowering time:Aug - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia and the Sudan south to South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 141.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 761. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 24.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 510 - 511. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 85. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 54.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 81 - 82.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 206.

White, F. (1983). Ebenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 298 - 300. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.

Other sources of information about Euclea divinorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Caprivi: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Malawi: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Mozambique: Euclea divinorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euclea divinorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euclea divinorum
African Plant Database: Euclea divinorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euclea divinorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euclea divinorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euclea divinorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euclea divinorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euclea divinorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euclea divinorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euclea divinorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euclea divinorum
Ispot Southern Africa: Euclea divinorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Euclea divinorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euclea divinorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euclea divinorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euclea divinorum
Tropicos: Euclea divinorum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euclea divinorum., retrieved 25 May 2019

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