Euclea natalensis A. DC.
subsp. acutifolia F. White

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Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Camp Amalinda, Matobo

Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Camp Amalinda, Matobo

Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Camp Amalinda, Matobo

Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Camp Amalinda, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, 2-7 m, or sometimes a suffrutex, less than 1m tall. Bark greyish, rough and fissured, flaking in thick pieces. Leaves elliptic up to 12 × 4 cm, densely hairy below. Flowers in dense, branched axillary heads, greenish-white or cream, most parts covered in dense rusty woolly hairs. Fruit in clusters, round c. 7 mm in diameter, sometimes rusty hairy, red to black.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal, South Africa; acutifolia: with acute (pointed) leaves.
Habitat: In woodland and thickets, often on rocky outcrops, river banks or termite mounds.
Altitude range: 800 - 1580 m
Flowering time:May - Jan
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 890. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 10. as Euclea natalensis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266. As Euclea natalensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 46. as Euclea natalensis

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 63. in error as Euclea fructuosa (= subsp. obovata; not in Zimbabwe)

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 184 - 185. as Euclea natalensis (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1983). Ebenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 289 - 292. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euclea natalensis
African Plant Database: Euclea natalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euclea natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euclea natalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euclea natalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euclea natalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euclea natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euclea natalensis
iNaturalist: Euclea natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euclea natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euclea natalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euclea natalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euclea natalensis
Plants of the World Online: Euclea natalensis
Tropicos: Euclea natalensis
Wikipedia: Euclea natalensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia., retrieved 29 September 2022

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