Strychnos lucens Baker

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Strychnos lucens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Strychnos lucens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Strychnos lucens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Strychnos lucens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Forest Edge, Vumba

Strychnos lucens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Forest Edge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Strychnos Milneredheadii Duvign. & Staquet
Common names:
Status: Native
Climbing shrub or liane, often climbing high into the canopy of trees. Tendrils paired. Leaves variously elliptic, leathery, shiny green above, mostly glabrous; three-veined from the base. Flowers in axillary heads, yellow-green. Fruits yellow to orange, spherical, variable in size; larger fruits hard-shelled.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: lucens: shining
Habitat: In forest, woodland and on rocky hillsides
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 275. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 777. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 927.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 113.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 363.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 100.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 117.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 341.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 343.

Other sources of information about Strychnos lucens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Strychnos lucens
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos lucens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos lucens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos lucens
African Plant Database: Strychnos lucens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos lucens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos lucens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos lucens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos lucens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos lucens
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos lucens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos lucens
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos lucens
Tropicos: Strychnos lucens
Wikipedia: Strychnos lucens

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Strychnos lucens., retrieved 27 September 2023

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