6460.000 Strychnos L.

Description of the genus

Shrubs, trees or lianes, sometimes with tendrils. Stipules mostly reduced to an often ciliate and straight rim connecting the petiole bases. Leaves opposite, sometimes decussate, or on the main axis sometimes ternate, entire, with 3-5 prominent veins (including the midvein) arising near the base of the lamina and running almost the entire length of the leaf. Flowers 4-5-merous, actinomorphic, bisexual. Corolla rotate to salver-shaped. Ovary 2- or 1-celled (spinosa). Fruit a berry, 1-2-celled, ± spherical.

Worldwide: 190 species in tropical and warm areas

Zambia: 15 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Atemnora westermannii (Westermann's hummingbird)
Stenoglene obtusus (Obtuse monkey)
Temnora natalis (Natal Temnora)
Strychnos cocculoides

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
angolensis GilgB,N,WNw,Cb,Lp,N,McDescription, Image
cocculoides BakerB,N,W,C,SCb,Lp,N,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
decussata (Pappe) GilgSC,LkImage
gossweileri ExellB,N,SNw,S,W
henningsii GilgN,WCb,N,CDescription, Image
innocua DelileB,N,WCb,N,SDescription, Image
kasengaensis De Wild.NN
lucens BakerN,W,C,SNw,Mc,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
madagascariensis Poir.BS,WDescription, Image
matopensis S. MooreNLpDescription, Image
potatorum L.f.B,W,C,E,SE,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
pungens Soler.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
spinosa Lam.N,SN,Lk,SDescription, Image
usambarensis GilgN,SLp,N,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
xantha Leeuwenberg[LR-lc]N,WNw,Cb,Lp,NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Strychnos:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strychnos
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos
Tropicos: Strychnos
Wikipedia: Strychnos

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Strychnos.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1088, retrieved 22 February 2024

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