6460.000 Strychnos L.

Description of the genus

Shrubs, trees or lianes, sometimes with tendrils. Stipules mostly reduced to an often ciliate and straight rim connecting the petiole bases. Leaves opposite, sometimes decussate, or on the main axis sometimes ternate, entire, with 3-5 prominent veins (including the midvein) arising near the base of the lamina and running almost the entire length of the leaf. Flowers 4-5-merous, actinomorphic, bisexual. Corolla rotate to salver-shaped. Ovary 2- or 1-celled (spinosa). Fruit a berry, 1-2-celled, ± spherical.

Worldwide: 190 species in tropical and warm areas

Zambia: 15 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Atemnora westermannii (Westermann's hummingbird)
Stenoglene obtusus (Obtuse monkey)
Temnora natalis (Natal Temnora)
Strychnos cocculoides

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
angolensis GilgB,N,WNw,Cb,Lp,N,McDescription, Image
cocculoides BakerB,N,W,C,SCb,Lp,N,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
decussata (Pappe) GilgSC,LkImage
gossweileri ExellB,N,SNw,S,W
henningsii GilgN,WCb,N,CImage
innocua DelileB,N,WCb,N,SDescription, Image
kasangaensis De Wild.NN
lucens BakerN,W,C,SNw,Mc,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
madagascariensis Poir.BS,WDescription, Image
matopensis S. MooreNLpDescription, Image
potatorum L.f.B,W,C,E,SE,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
pungens Soler.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
spinosa Lam.N,SN,Lk,SDescription, Image
usambarensis GilgN,SLp,N,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
xantha Leeuwenberg[LR-lc]N,WNw,Cb,Lp,NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Strychnos:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos
Wikipedia: Strychnos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Strychnos.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1088, retrieved 4 February 2023

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