Strychnos potatorum L.f.

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Strychnos potatorum

Drawing: Rita Herbert

Strychnos potatorum

Drawing: Rita Herbert

Strychnos potatorum

Drawing: Rita Herbert

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Strychnos stuhlmannii Gilg
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree with dense foliage. Leaves opposite, 3-5-veined from the base, elliptic to ovate, glossy dark green, thinly textured, hairless. Flowers in axillary clusters of several, stalked, few-flowered heads, whitish to yellowish-green. Fruit up to 20 mm in diameter, purple-black when ripe, resembling grapes.
Type location:
India
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: potatorum: resembling a potato, presumably referring to the fruit, which looks more like a grape
Habitat: In dry woodland, along dry water courses and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to northern Botswana and Limpopo, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 October 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 782. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 929 - 930. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 540.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 370 - 371.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 100. Under Strychnaceae

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 542 - 545. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 124.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 117 - 118.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 217.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 252 - 253. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Strychnos potatorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos potatorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos potatorum
African Plant Database: Strychnos potatorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos potatorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos potatorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos potatorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos potatorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos potatorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos potatorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strychnos potatorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos potatorum
Ispot Southern Africa: Strychnos potatorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos potatorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos potatorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos potatorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Strychnos potatorum
Tropicos: Strychnos potatorum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Strychnos potatorum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144420, retrieved 11 December 2018

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