Lantana camara L.

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Lantana camara

Picture: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve

Lantana camara

Picture: Bart Wursten
Twentydales Extension, Harare

Lantana camara

Picture: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Lantana camara

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Abundant
Status: Introduced
Aromatic shrub. Stems usually with numerous recurved prickles but these sometimes very sparse or even 0. Leaves opposite. Flowers in heads, 2-3 cm in diameter. Bracts of the inflorescence linear to linear-lanceolate, up to 2 mm wide. Corolla colours very varied. Fruit a fleshy purple or black drupe.
Type location:
Notes: A serious invader of disturbed and overgrazed areas, which is difficult to eradicate.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In woodland, disturbed ground and in formerly cultivated areas, sometimes forming dense thickets. Spread by birds eating the black fleshy fruit.
Altitude range: Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Probably native of the West Indies, but well naturalised throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acherontia atropos (Food plant)
Oedicentra albipennis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 174. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 17 - 19.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 114. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 110.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 56 - 58. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 101. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lantana camara:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lantana camara
Flora of Malawi: Lantana camara
Flora of Mozambique: Lantana camara
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lantana camara
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Lantana camara

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lantana camara
African Plant Database: Lantana camara
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lantana camara
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lantana camara
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lantana camara
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lantana camara
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lantana camara
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lantana camara
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lantana camara
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lantana camara
Ispot Southern Africa: Lantana camara
JSTOR Plant Science: Lantana camara
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lantana camara
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lantana camara
The Plant List (version 1.1): Lantana camara
Tropicos: Lantana camara

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Lantana camara., retrieved 23 March 2018

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