Lantana rugosa Thunb.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (9)

Lantana rugosa

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Lantana rugosa

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Lantana rugosa

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Lantana rugosa

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Camara salviifolia (Jacq.) Kuntze
Lantana salviifolia Jacq.
Lippia caffra Sond.
Lippia lupuliformis Moldenke
Common names:
Status: Native
Woody perennial or small shrub, up to 2 m tall but usually smaller. Stems and branches 4-angled, with more or less appressed, tubercle-based hairs mixed with sessile glands. Leaves usually opposite, rarely 3-whorled, ovate, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, up to 7 cm long, rounded at the base and cuneate into the petiole, with whitish tubercle-based hairs above, becoming rough with age, covered in short stiff hairs beneath, mixed with minute reddish sessile glands; venation impressed above giving the leaf a wrinkled look; margin shallowly crenate. Inflorescences solitary in the leaf axils on peduncles mostly at least half as long as the subtending leaf, sometimes longer than the leaf, particularly in fruit. Spikes subspherical to ovoid, up to 2 cm long when flowering, extending to 3 cm in fruit. Floral bracts broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, up to 7.5 mm long, green, appressed hairy mixed with reddish sessile glands; veining becoming somewhat more prominent in fruiting spikes; margin revolute in the upper half. Corollas pale rose, lilac to reddish-purple or violet with a yellow throat, rarely white. Drupes 2.5-3.5 mm long,purple to wine-coloured when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: rugosa: with a wrinkled surface (rugose).
Habitat: In riverine vegetation, along margins of dams and vleis, in mopane and miombo woodland, grassland, alluvial soils, Kalahari sand and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: Up to 1550 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 19 July 2017

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 174. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 20 - 21.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 297. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 110.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 228.

Other sources of information about Lantana rugosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lantana rugosa
Flora of Caprivi: Lantana rugosa
Flora of Mozambique: Lantana rugosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lantana rugosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lantana rugosa
African Plant Database: Lantana rugosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lantana rugosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lantana rugosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lantana rugosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lantana rugosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lantana rugosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Lantana rugosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lantana rugosa
Plants of the World Online: Lantana rugosa
Tropicos: Lantana rugosa
Wikipedia: Lantana rugosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Lantana rugosa., retrieved 2 October 2023

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use