Striga macrantha (Benth.) Benth.

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Synonyms: Buchnera macrantha Benth.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect herb 50–100 cm high with rounded-quadrangular, roughly hairy stems. Leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 3–11 mm long, stiff, 3-veined with veins deeply impressed; margin coarsely toothed, roughly scabrid. Inflorescence a very dense terminal spike, 3–10 cm long or up to 15 cm long in fruit, glandular-hairy. Bracteoles broadly ovate, 4–6 mm long. Calyx 5-toothed, 10-veined. Corolla white with a yellow throat; tube c. 2 cm long, densely white-hairy in the upper half; lobes broadly obovate, rounded, 6–9 mm long, more or less hairy outside. Capsules 8 x 4 mm, styles persistent.
Type location:
Sierra Leone
Derivation of specific name: macrantha: large-flowered
Habitat: In grassy rocky places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Most frequent in West Africa but also sporadically known from Sudan,Angola, Zambia an Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 131 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 99.

Other sources of information about Striga macrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Striga macrantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Striga macrantha
African Plant Database: Striga macrantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Striga macrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Striga macrantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Striga macrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Striga macrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Striga macrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Striga macrantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Striga macrantha
Plants of the World Online: Striga macrantha
Tropicos: Striga macrantha
Wikipedia: Striga macrantha

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Striga macrantha., retrieved 9 December 2023

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