Spilanthes mauritiana (Rich. ex Pers.) DC.

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Spilanthes mauritiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Spilanthes mauritiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Spilanthes mauritiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 2, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Acmella mauritiana Rich. ex Pers.
Spilanthes acmella sensu Oliv. & Hiern p.p.
Spilanthes africana DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual creeping or trailing herb, upper parts sometimes erect, up to 30 cm. Leaves opposite, ovate, up to 5 × 3 cm, 3-veined from the base, sparsely hairy on both surfaces particularly on the veins when young; margin serrate-crenate to almost entire. Capitula solitary, axillary and terminal on long peduncles, deep yellow. Ray florets usually present, 3-4 mm long, 3-toothed at the apex, yellow or rarely white.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: mauritiana: from Mauritius
Habitat: Weed in lawns and gardens in high rainfall areas; elsewhere in wet habitats such as by streams and rivers or along roadsides.
Altitude range: 600 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa, South Africa, Eswatini and Mauritius.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 35.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 33.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 58.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 60 - 61.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 89.

Other sources of information about Spilanthes mauritiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Spilanthes mauritiana
Flora of Mozambique: Spilanthes mauritiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Spilanthes mauritiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Spilanthes mauritiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Spilanthes mauritiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spilanthes mauritiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Spilanthes mauritiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Spilanthes mauritiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spilanthes mauritiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Spilanthes mauritiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Spilanthes mauritiana
Plants of the World Online: Spilanthes mauritiana
Tropicos: Spilanthes mauritiana
Wikipedia: Spilanthes mauritiana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Spilanthes mauritiana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160540, retrieved 27 May 2024

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