Ziziphus mucronata Willd.[Agg]

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Ziziphus mucronata

Drawing showing characteristics forZiziphus mucronata
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

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Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree, armed with distinct pairs of hooked and straight spines. Leaves broadly ovate, markedly asymmetric, 3-veined from the base; margins finely toothed. Flowers in axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe, reddish-brown when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa, Cape Province
Notes: Two subspp. are recognized in our area, both occurring widespread. See subsp. mucronata and subsp. rhodesiaca R.B. Drumm. for distinguishing details and more photos.
Derivation of specific name: mucronata: mucronate; with a short narrow point, projecting from the apex of the leaves.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: On the Arabian Peninsula, throughout Subsaharan Africa, except for the Western Cape, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Tarucus sybaris sybaris (Food plant)
Tuxentius calice calice (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 February 2017

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 666 - 667. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 14.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 98.

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 422 - 423.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 70.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 86.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Page 232. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ziziphus mucronata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ziziphus mucronata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ziziphus mucronata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ziziphus mucronata
African Plant Database: Ziziphus mucronata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ziziphus mucronata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ziziphus mucronata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ziziphus mucronata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ziziphus mucronata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ziziphus mucronata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ziziphus mucronata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ziziphus mucronata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ziziphus mucronata
Ispot Southern Africa: Ziziphus mucronata
JSTOR Plant Science: Ziziphus mucronata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ziziphus mucronata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ziziphus mucronata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ziziphus mucronata
Tropicos: Ziziphus mucronata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ziziphus mucronata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164400, retrieved 25 March 2018

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