Pandanus livingstonianus Rendle

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Pandanus livingstonianus

Thicket of Pandanus on rocky island; Kundabwika Falls; Jul 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pandanus livingstonianus

Ntumbachusi falls; Sep 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pandanus livingstonianus

Immature female inflorescence;
Ntumbachusi falls; Sep 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pandanus livingstonianus

Mature infructescence;
Ntumbachusi falls; Dec 1978.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Pandanus gasicus Huynh.
Pandanus globulatus Huynh.
Pandanus mosambicus Huynh.
Pandanus petersii Warb.
Pandanus serrimarginalis Huynh.
Common names:
Status: Native
Tree 3-20 m. high, solitary or clumped. Leaves on short lateral branches, spiral, in three ranks. Male flowers in densely branched spiciform inflorescences. Female flowers in solitary heads, the peduncle initially erect, curved through 180o so that the mature inflorescence hangs vertically.
Type location:
Notes: Five taxa described as species from Mozambique, are all reduced to synonyms of Pandanus livingstonianus by Beentje in Flora Zambesiaca, Vol. 12, Part 2 (2009). Not cultivated, RD Status: Probably [VU]
Derivation of specific name: livingstonianus: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873).
Habitat: Along river banks and in swamps.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Worldwide: Mozambique and NE Zambia; probably also in D.R. Congo and Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 September 2013

Beentje, H.J. (2009). Pandanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 149 - 153. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pandanus livingstonianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pandanus livingstonianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pandanus livingstonianus
African Plant Database: Pandanus livingstonianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pandanus livingstonianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pandanus livingstonianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pandanus livingstonianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pandanus livingstonianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pandanus livingstonianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Pandanus livingstonianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pandanus livingstonianus
Plants of the World Online: Pandanus livingstonianus
Tropicos: Pandanus livingstonianus
Wikipedia: Pandanus livingstonianus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pandanus livingstonianus., retrieved 3 October 2023

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