Gladiolus gregarius Welw. ex Baker

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Gladiolus gregarius

Miombo woodland among rocks
Lazy-J Ranch
Oct 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Gladiolus gregarius

Miombo woodland among rocks
Lazy-J Ranch
Oct 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Gladiolus gregarius

Miombo woodland among rocks
Lazy-J Ranch
Oct 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Gladiolus gregarius

Miombo woodland among rocks
Between Lumangwe and Kabwelume Falls
Mar 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Gladiolus corbisieri De Wild.
Gladiolus descampsii De Wild
Gladiolus elegans Vaupel
Gladiolus gilletii De Wild.
Gladiolus hanningtonii Baker
Gladiolus karendensis Baker
Gladiolus multiflorus Welw. ex Baker
Gladiolus pseudogregarius Mildbr. ex Hutch.
Gladiolus spicatus Klatt
Gladiolus uhehensis Harms
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Plants (15)30-80 cm tall; corms (12)18-30(40) mm in diameter, tunics membranous, fragmenting irregularly; foliage leaves 4-7, lower 3-5 basal and half to two thirds as long as the stem, (6)9-16(24) mm wide, narrowly lanceolate, margins and midribs not or hardly thickened, upper leaves cauline and shorter; flowering stems unbranched; spike (2)8-20(25) flowered, erect but evidently flexuous under the bracts; bracts 20-30(50) x 8-10 mm, green or becoming dry and brown at the end of flowering, firm, inner slightly c. two thirds longer than outer; flowers light to dark purple fading to cream coloured in throat or mostly white , tube usually dark purple below, lower 3 tepals each with a dark purple diamond shaped marking in the distal third; perianth tube c. 12 mm long, curved outwards; tepals unequal, uppermost (16)22-26 x 12-18 mm, arched over stamens, lower 3 tepals c. 12 x 5 mm, exceeding the upper tepals when viewed in profile; capsules 12-15 mm long, ellipsoid, fairly hard and woody when dry.
Type location:
Notes: Flowering time in Southern Africa.
Red Data list status: Widespread; not threatened
Derivation of specific name: gregarius: growing in company but not united or matted together.
Habitat: In open woodland, often in rocky habitats sheltered from competition, occasionally in wetter sites such as seepages and dambo margins.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal east to Uganda and Burundi south to Angola to Mozambique
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C,Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 310.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 127.

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 140 - 150.

Other sources of information about Gladiolus gregarius:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gladiolus gregarius
Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus gregarius
Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus gregarius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus gregarius
African Plant Database: Gladiolus gregarius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus gregarius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus gregarius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus gregarius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gladiolus gregarius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus gregarius
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus gregarius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus gregarius
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus gregarius
Tropicos: Gladiolus gregarius
Wikipedia: Gladiolus gregarius

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gladiolus gregarius., retrieved 26 February 2024

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