1311.000 Gladiolus L. - Gladioluses


Goldblatt, P. (1996) Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Inflorescence a spike with secund flowers. Flowers zygomorphic; tepals united into a perianth tube. Style branches expanded above (i.e. broader towards apex) and sometimes 2-lobed at the apex. Fruit a capsule, slightly inflated. Seeds broadly winged.

Derivation of name: 'Little sword' (Latin) referring to the flattened sword-shaped leaves

Worldwide: c. 250 species in Europe, Mediterranean area, tropical African mountains, South Africa and Madagascar

Zambia: 23 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
atropurpureus BakerN,W,C,SCb,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
benguellensis Baker WNw
dalenii Van Geel subsp. andongensis (Baker) GoldblattNw,Cb
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii B,N,W,C,ENw,N,E,C,WDescription, Image
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii (yellow form) SDescription, Image
erectiflorus BakerN,W,C,ECb,N,E,CDescription, Image
gracillimus Baker NNDescription, Image
gregarius Welw. ex BakerB,N,W,CCb,N,C,Lk,WDescription, Image
huillensis (Welw. ex Baker) GoldblattB,CNw,C,W
intonsus Goldblatt NN
laxiflorus Baker B,N,W,CNw,Cb,Lp,CDescription, Image
magnificus (Harms) GoldblattBWDescription, Image
melleri BakerN,W,C,SCb,N,C,SDescription, Image
microspicatus P.A. Duvign. & van Bockstal ex Còrdova NLp
muenzneri Vaupel NLpDescription, Image
oligophlebius Baker NN
pusillus Goldblatt N,WCb,Lp,NImage
serapiiflorus Goldblatt [NrEnd]W,C,SCb,C,Lk,WDescription, Image
serenjensis Goldblatt [End][VU]CCDescription, Image
unguiculatus BakerB,N,W,SNw,N,S,WDescription, Image
velutinus De Wild. NCb,N,WDescription, Image
verdickii De Wild. & T.DurandWNw
virgineus Goldblatt & J.C. Manning [End]CCDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Gladiolus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gladiolus
Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus
Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gladiolus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gladiolus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus
Tropicos: Gladiolus
Wikipedia: Gladiolus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Gladiolus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=389, retrieved 20 May 2024

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