Gladiolus erectiflorus Baker

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Gladiolus erectiflorus

Corms
Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodland
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Apr 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Gladiolus nyikensis Baker
Gladiolus venulosus Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial, 60-90 cm high, growing from a corm. Leaves 5-6, lower 3 more or less basal and larger, up to about the base of the spike, narrowly lanceolate to linear, 205 mm wide. Flowering spike 4-8-flowered, erect. Flowers whitish, cream to pale pink, normally heavily veined red or purple, veining rarely inconspicuous or absent and flowers all whithish, cream or all red or purple. The lower 3 tepals each with a broad yellowish mark in the lower part.
Type location:
Zambia, Liendwe
Notes: The striking flowers are normally very heavily veined red to purple but rarer formes without the conspicuous veining also occur.
Derivation of specific name: erectiflorus: with erect flowers, referring to the stiffly erect flowering spikes, unlike most species which have an inflorescence somewhat inclined towards the ground.
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, often in rocky, hilly areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern DRC, southwestern Tanzania, Malawi, northern Mozambique and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 5 September 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 310.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 127. As Gladiolus trichonemifolius

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 185 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 194 - 198. (Includes a picture).

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 116. as Gladiolus trichonemifolius

Other sources of information about Gladiolus erectiflorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus erectiflorus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus erectiflorus
African Plant Database: Gladiolus erectiflorus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus erectiflorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus erectiflorus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus erectiflorus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus erectiflorus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus erectiflorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gladiolus erectiflorus
iNaturalist: Gladiolus erectiflorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus erectiflorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus erectiflorus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gladiolus erectiflorus
Tropicos: Gladiolus erectiflorus
Wikipedia: Gladiolus erectiflorus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gladiolus erectiflorus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=182130, retrieved 23 September 2019

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