Brachystegia taxifolia Harms

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Brachystegia taxifolia

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Brachystegia taxifolia

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Brachystegia taxifolia

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Brachystegia taxifolia

Chiundaponde; Mar 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Brachystegia taxifolia

Kundalila Falls; May 2001.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Brachystegia taxifolia

Road to Mutinondo Wilderness; Oct 1996.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brachystegia mimosifolia Hutch & Burtt Davy
Brachystegia subfalcato-foliolata De Wild.
Common names: Lukwe (Ila) Lukwe (Lenje) Lukwe (Nyanja) Ngalati (Bemba) Ngalati (Kaonde) Ngalati (Lenje)
Status: Native
Evergreen tree mostly up to 12 m high, sometimes forming thickets as shrubs less than 1.6 m tall. Leaves 6-12 cm long with 20−45 pairs of small leaflets, inserted up to 5 mm apart along the rhachis, narrowly oblong-falcate, 5-20 mm long, middle pairs longest; midveins eccentric. Stipules linear, up to 15 mm long, pubescent, persistent. Inflorescences of terminal and/or axillary heads up to 5 cm long, densely rusty hairy. Pods 4-13 cm long, round or bluntly pointed at the apex.
Type location:
Tanzania, Iringa District
Derivation of specific name: taxifolia: with leaves like a Taxus.
Habitat: Miombo woodland, thicket.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,N,Mc,C,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 86 - 90. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 119.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 52.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 306.

Other sources of information about Brachystegia taxifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachystegia taxifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystegia taxifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystegia taxifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystegia taxifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystegia taxifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachystegia taxifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystegia taxifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystegia taxifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystegia taxifolia
Plants of the World Online: Brachystegia taxifolia
Tropicos: Brachystegia taxifolia
Wikipedia: Brachystegia taxifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Brachystegia taxifolia., retrieved 11 December 2023

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