3504.000 Brachystegia Benth.

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007) Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2)

Hoyle, A.C. (1967) Brachystegia (in the Leguminosae subfamily Caesalpinioideae) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the genus

Trees, mostly c. 10−20 m, but often with dwarf forms over shallow soils, plus a small number of suffrutices, rare in Zambia; bark mostly rough, smooth in a few species; leaves paripinnate, leaflets in 2-numerous pairs; though variable within species, the leaves provide the most reliable features for identifying the species; flowers in spikes or panicles, mostly terminal and axillary, occasionally on second year wood; sepals much reduced, petals rudimentary or absent; ovary pubescent but pod always glabrous; pod woody, oblong to obovate, with flanges along the top (ventral) suture.

Comment: Common names: Names such as Muwombo, Musamba and their variants are commonly applied to all species with numerous pairs of leaflets. This does not mean that there are no specific names, but these are known to only a few informants who have a particular reason for having such knowledge. Such names are of interest to language specialists, but for everyday use the common names are more useful, even though confusing.

Worldwide: 30 species in tropical Africa, 13 species in the Flora Zambesiaca region, 13 species in Zambia.

Zambia: 20 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Eucraera gemmata (Budded lappet)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
allenii Burtt Davy & Hutch.N,C,EN,E,C,LkDescription, Image
bakeriana Hutch. & Burtt DavyBWDescription, Image
boehmii Taub.N,W,C,SNw,Cb,Lp,N,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
bussei HarmsN,C,EN,E,C Description, Image
floribunda Benth.N,W,CNw,Cb,N,CDescription, Image
glaucescens Hutch. & Burtt DavyN,W,C,SNw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
glaucescens × spiciformis
gossweileri Hutch. & Burtt DavyC,SCb,C,SDescription
longifolia Benth.N,W,C,SNw,Cb,N,C,SDescription, Image
manga De Wild.N,C,E,SN,Mc,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
michelmorei Hoyle & Brummitt [DD]NLp,NDescription
microphylla HarmsDescription
puberula Hutch. & Burtt Davy[LR-lc]WNwDescription
russelliae I.M. Johnst. NNDescription
spiciformis Benth.B,N,W,C,E,SNw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
spiciformis × microphylla
stipulata De Wild.N,C,ELp,Mc,E,C Description, Image
taxifolia Harms N,W,CCb,Lp,N,Mc,C,LkDescription, Image
utilis Hutch. & Burtt DavyN,W,CNw,Cb,Lp,Mc,C,LkDescription, Image
wangermeeana De Wild. N,WNw,Lp,N,McDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Brachystegia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachystegia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Brachystegia
Flora of Malawi: Brachystegia
Flora of Mozambique: Brachystegia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachystegia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachystegia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystegia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystegia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystegia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystegia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachystegia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystegia
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystegia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystegia
Plants of the World Online: Brachystegia
Tropicos: Brachystegia
Wikipedia: Brachystegia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Brachystegia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=682, retrieved 24 April 2024

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