Thonningia sanguinea Vahl

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Thonningia sanguinea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Yangambi © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Thonningia sanguinea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Yangambi © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Thonningia sanguinea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Yangambi © National Botanic Garden of Belgium

Thonningia sanguinea

Nchila Wildlife Reserve
jan 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

Thonningia sanguinea

Zambia
Photo: Charles Pretorius

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Thonningia angolensis Hemsl.
Thonningia ugandensis Hemsl.
Common names:
Frequency: Uncommon but widespread.
Status: Native
Description:
Herbaceous parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll, up to 18 cm high, growing on the roots of a variety of woody species. Inflorescensce an involucrate head 2.5-5 cm long and up to 5.5 cm in diameter, covered in overlapping brownish to bright crimson-red scales. Flowers unisexual, mostly hidden by the scales. Infructescence 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, dull reddish-black to crimson, resembling a strawberry.
Type location:
Ghana
Notes: A root parasite on a wide variety of hosts.
Conservation status: probably not threatened.
Derivation of specific name: sanguinea: blood red.
Habitat: Dense miombo woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to Angola and northwestern Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 13 December 2016
Literature:

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 35.

Stannard, B.L. (2006). Balanophoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 249 - 251. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Thonningia sanguinea:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Thonningia sanguinea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Thonningia sanguinea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thonningia sanguinea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Thonningia sanguinea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Thonningia sanguinea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Thonningia sanguinea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Thonningia sanguinea
iNaturalist: Thonningia sanguinea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thonningia sanguinea
JSTOR Plant Science: Thonningia sanguinea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Thonningia sanguinea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Thonningia sanguinea
Plants of the World Online: Thonningia sanguinea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Thonningia sanguinea
Tropicos: Thonningia sanguinea
Wikipedia: Thonningia sanguinea


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Thonningia sanguinea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=190910, retrieved 9 July 2020

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