Crotalaria cistoides Welw. ex Baker
subsp. cistoides

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Crotalaria cistoides subsp. cistoides

Habit
Open scrubland on Kalaharia sand
Mwenda Village, Kakanda, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria cistoides subsp. cistoides

Flower
Open scrubland on Kalaharia sand
Mwenda Village, Kakanda, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria cistoides subsp. cistoides

Flower
Open scrubland on Kalaharia sand
Mwenda Village, Kakanda, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Low bushy herb or small shrub 20-80 cm tall with a well-developed system of branches covered in a tomentum of short ± appressed to long fine mostly spreading hairs; leaves rather closely arranged, estipulate, sessile, 3-foliolate; leaflets 6-20 x 1.5-6(8) mm, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblong, pointed, with the margins flat or slightly inrolled, appressed to spreading pilose, pedicels mostly 1-3 mm long; flowers numerous, solitary or in small very shortly stalked terminal clusters; bracts 2-4 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles at the top of the short pedicel; calyx 4.5-6 mm long, densely hairy, lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular to oblong-triangular, c. 3 times as long as tube; standard broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, yellow, often tinged reddish or purplish veined, sericeous towards the apex outside; wings exceeding the keel; keel 3.5-5 mm long, abruptly rounded with a short straight or slightly incurved pointed beak; pod ± sessile, 5-7 mm long, shortly ovoid-ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, hairy, 2-4 seeded; seeds c. 3 mm long, obliquely oblong-cordiform, smooth. Leaflet characteristics separate subsp. cistoides (leaflets oblanceolate with shortly rounded to apiculate tip, generally flat margins, often appressed pilose and pedicels rarely more than 1 mm long) from subsp. orientalis (leaflets narrowly elliptic-oblong with pointed tip, inrolled margins, spreading pilose and pedicels mostly 2-3 mm long).
Type location:
Angola
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo woodland on sandy soils
Altitude range: 1000 - 1300 m
Flowering time:(Feb)Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: Angola and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 11 May 2021
Literature:

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Page 126.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria cistoides subsp. cistoides:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria cistoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria cistoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria cistoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria cistoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria cistoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria cistoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crotalaria cistoides
iNaturalist: Crotalaria cistoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria cistoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria cistoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria cistoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria cistoides
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria cistoides
Tropicos: Crotalaria cistoides
Wikipedia: Crotalaria cistoides


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crotalaria cistoides subsp. cistoides.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=197720, retrieved 17 June 2021

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