Crotalaria densicephala Welw. ex Baker

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Crotalaria densicephala

Habit
Degraded miombo woodland on Kalahari sand
Walubita Village, Namaloba, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria densicephala

Flowers
Degraded miombo woodland on Kalahari sand
Walubita Village, Namaloba, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria densicephala

Flowers
Degraded miombo woodland on Kalahari sand
Walubita Village, Namaloba, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria densicephala

Pods
Degraded miombo woodland on Kalahari sand
Walubita Village, Namaloba, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria densicephala

Pods
Degraded miombo woodland on Kalahari sand
Walubita Village, Namaloba, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Crotalaria dumetorum Baker
Crotalaria lachnoclada Harms
Crotalaria vasculosa sensu Hutchinson
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Bushy herb up to 1.2 m tall but sometimes flowering when no more than 20 cm tall, densely and coarsely hairy; leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate, uppermost sometimes 1-foliolate; leaflets 3-8 x 1.2-4.5 cm, elliptic oblong to obovate, densely hairy on both surfaces or only beneath, stipules 1.5-5 mm long; racemes dense, few-many-flowered; bracts 2-4 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate, bracteoles on the short pedicels, small; calyx 7-9 mm long, pilose on the tube but the lobes often subglabrous except for the densely ciliate margins, lobes attenuate, 2.5-4 times as long as tube; standard elliptic to elliptic-obovate, yellow, glabrous outside; wings mostly a little shorter than the keel; keel 7.5-10 mm long, subcircular with a rather small narrow beak, not strongly crested, lanate-ciliate but not hairy on lateral surfaces; pod shortly stipitae, 1.3-2 cm long, oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, densely and irregularly covered with long spreading hairs, 4-6-seeded; seeds c. 6 mm long, obliquely cordiform, smooth or granulate, ochre coloured.
Type location:
Angola
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: densicephala: densely headed, referring to the compact terminal inflorescences
Habitat: Miombo woodlands, sometimes in thickets or damp places
Altitude range: 1100 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Mar - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC (Katanga) and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,C
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 6 May 2021
Literature:

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 110 - 111.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria densicephala:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria densicephala
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria densicephala
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria densicephala
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria densicephala
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria densicephala
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria densicephala
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crotalaria densicephala
iNaturalist: Crotalaria densicephala
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria densicephala
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria densicephala
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria densicephala
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria densicephala
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria densicephala
Tropicos: Crotalaria densicephala
Wikipedia: Crotalaria densicephala


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crotalaria densicephala.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=197820, retrieved 17 June 2021

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