Holothrix longiflora Rolfe

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Holothrix longiflora

Picture: Margaret Westrop
Chitinje Marsh, Zomba Plateau

Holothrix longiflora

Picture: Margaret Westrop
Chitinje Marsh, Zomba Plateau

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Synonyms: Holothrix lastii Rolfe
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 23–53 cm tall, growing from 2 ovoid, hairy tubers, up to 3.5 cm long. Leaves 2, appressed to ground, one larger than the other, fleshy, heart-shaped to kidney-shaped, up to 7 cm long and up to 8.5 cm wide, glossy pale green, sparsely hairy. Flowering stem densely hairy, with several bract-like leaves c. 7 mm long. Inflorescence 6–16 cm long, laxly to fairly densely 6 to many-flowered, flowers more or less towards one side; bracts 4–8 mm long, hairy. Flowers white with green sepals, strongly and sweetly scented. Sepals ovate, 6–9 mm long, hairy. Petals 16–35 mm long, deeply divided into 9 slender tapering lobes. Lip similar, 9–11-lobed. Spur conical, 3–4 mm long, tightly incurled.
Type location:
Malawi
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: longiflora: with long flowers
Habitat: In open Brachystegia woodland, rock crevices and montane grassland overlying rock or on seepage slopes.
Altitude range: 1650 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 6 September 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 220 - 221. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 329.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 39. (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Page 29.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 137.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 24 - 25. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Holothrix longiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Holothrix longiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Holothrix longiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Holothrix longiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Holothrix longiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Holothrix longiflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Holothrix longiflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Holothrix longiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Holothrix longiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Holothrix longiflora
iNaturalist: Holothrix longiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Holothrix longiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Holothrix longiflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Holothrix longiflora
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Holothrix longiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Holothrix longiflora
Plants of the World Online: Holothrix longiflora
The Plant List (version 1.1): Holothrix longiflora
Tropicos: Holothrix longiflora
Wikipedia: Holothrix longiflora


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Holothrix longiflora.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=203650, retrieved 23 September 2019

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