Holothrix papillosa Summerh.

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Synonyms: Holothrix brachycheira Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 9–32 cm tall.Tubers 2, up to 13 × 8 mm, ovoid.Leaves 2, appressed to ground, 10–23 × 7–33 mm, orbicular to reniform, pilose above.Scape without sheaths, with long spreading hairs.Inflorescence 2–8 cm long, fairly densely 2– to many-flowered, flowers secund; ovary 3 mm long; bracts 1–4 mm long, ovate, pubescent.Flowers white, non-resupinate, c. 6 mm long including ovary.Sepals green or purplish, 1.7–3 × 1.3–1.4 mm, ovate, long ciliate.Petals 2.5–6 mm long, densely papillose, 3-lobed to about one third of the length.Lip 2.5–5 mm long, similar to petals but with 5–7 lobes.Spur 1.5–3 mm long, conical, obscure, straight.Anther 1 mm high.Ovary pubescent. (Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes: Holothrix brachycheira from the Mwinilunga area has small flowers (petals 2–2.7 mm long, lip 2.5–2.9 mm long) but falls within the range of variation of H. papillosa, which varies considerably in size depending largely on the habitat.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland, Brachystegia woodland
Altitude range: 1650 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 329. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 38. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Page 30.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1960). African orchids XXVII Kew Bulletin 14(1) Pages 127 - 129. Protologue and also as Holothrix brachycheira (Protologue)

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 23 - 26. Also as Holothrix brachycheira (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Holothrix papillosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Holothrix papillosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Holothrix papillosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Holothrix papillosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Holothrix papillosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Holothrix papillosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Holothrix papillosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Holothrix papillosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Holothrix papillosa
iNaturalist: Holothrix papillosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Holothrix papillosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Holothrix papillosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Holothrix papillosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Holothrix papillosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Holothrix papillosa
Plants of the World Online: Holothrix papillosa
Tropicos: Holothrix papillosa
Wikipedia: Holothrix papillosa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Holothrix papillosa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208770, retrieved 3 December 2021

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