Habenaria cataphysema Rchb.f.

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Habenaria cataphysema

Very large open seepage dambo grassland
Ikatu area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria cataphysema

Flower portrait
Very large open seepage dambo grassland
Ikatu area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria cataphysema

Flower profile
Very large open seepage dambo grassland
Ikatu area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bilabrella cataphysema (Rchb.f.)
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb 30–80 cm tall; tubers 1–1.5 × c. 1 cm,globose to ovoid.Stem leafy; leaves 7–9, the lowermost 1–2 sheath-like and the uppermost 3–4 bract-like, the rest 5.5–13.5 cm long and 4–8 mm wide, linear.Inflorescence 11–23 × 3–3.5 cm, many-flowered; bracts 7–10 mm long.Flowers pale green.Pedicel and ovary 16–18 mm long.Dorsal sepal 2.5–4 × 2 mm, ovate, reflexed, convex; lateral sepals deflexed, 5–6 × 3–4 mm, obliquely obovate.Petals shortly papillose, 2-lobed almost to base; upper lobe 3–4 × 0.3–0.4 mm; lower lobe 5–7 × 0.5–0.8 mm, both lobes linear.Lip 3-lobed from an undivided base c. 1 mm long; mid-lobe 6–6.5 mm long, c. 0.5 mm wide; side lobes 3.3–4.2 × 0.2–0.4 mm, all lobes linear; spur 12–13 mm long, very slender but with apical 2–3 mm abruptly inflated, almost globose.Anther 2–3 mm high; canals 2–3 mm long.Stigmas 2.5–3 mm long; rostellum mid-lobe c. 1.5 mm high.(Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dambo, damp marshy places
Altitude range: 1350 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Angola, Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 December 2019

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 89.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 55 - 56. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria cataphysema:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria cataphysema
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria cataphysema
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria cataphysema
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria cataphysema
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria cataphysema
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria cataphysema
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria cataphysema
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria cataphysema
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria cataphysema
Tropicos: Habenaria cataphysema
Wikipedia: Habenaria cataphysema

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria cataphysema.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208840, retrieved 25 September 2023

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