Habenaria kassneriana Kraenzl.

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Habenaria kassneriana

Dry dambo in sandy loam soil
Sanbi dambo
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria kassneriana

Dry dambo in sandy loam soil
Sanbi dambo
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria kassneriana

Dry dambo in sandy loam soil
Sanbi dambo
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria kassneriana

Dry dambo in sandy loam soil
Sanbi dambo
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 30-45 cm tall growing from ovoid to globose tubers c. 4.5 x 3 cm; stem leafy; leaves 6-8 with lowermost sheath-like, the mid-stem leaves semi-erect or recurved with largest c. 5-8 x 1.5-4.5 cm, ovate or lanceolate; inflorescence 4-10 x 16-17 cm, laxly 2-6-flowered; bracts up to 5.5 cm long; flowers white or cream, spreading, strongly scented at night; pedicel and ovary 5.5-8.5 cm long; dorsal sepal erect, 18-25 x 10-13 mm, elliptic, very convex; lateral sepals deflexed, 20-30 x 10-15 mm, obliquely ovate and rolled lengthwise; petals 2-lobed almost to base; upper lobe 18-27 x 0.5 mm, linear and adnate to dorsal sepal; lower petal lobes curving out and up 40-98 x 1-2 mm, fleshy and horn-like; lip-3-lobed with an undivided basal part c. 2-3 mm long; mid-lobe deflexed 30-45 x 1-2 mm, linear; side lobes diverging, 40-60, linear and slightly narrower than mid-lobe; spur 8.5-14.5 cm long, pendent, much swollen in the apical quarter.
Type location:
DRC
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: kassneriana: after Theodor Wilhelm Kässner, who collected the type specimen
Habitat: Dambo and flooded grasslands.
Altitude range: 1140 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,W
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 8 May 2019
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 121.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 57 - 58. as Habenaria kassnerana (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria kassneriana:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria kassneriana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria kassneriana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria kassneriana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria kassneriana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria kassneriana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria kassneriana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria kassneriana
iNaturalist: Habenaria kassneriana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria kassneriana
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria kassneriana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria kassneriana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria kassneriana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria kassneriana
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria kassneriana
Tropicos: Habenaria kassneriana
Wikipedia: Habenaria kassneriana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria kassneriana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208950, retrieved 16 August 2022

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