Habenaria macroplectron Schltr.

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Habenaria macroplectron

Shiwa N'gandu, dambo along the roadside leading to the main house
Jan 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria macroplectron

Shiwa N'gandu, dambo along the roadside leading to the main house
Jan 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria macroplectron

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Jan 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 25-75 cm tall; tubers globose, c. 2 x 1.7 cm; leaves 8-10, the lowermost 1-2 forming funnel-shaped sheaths, upper leaves semi-spreading, 10.5-14 x 2.5-4 cm, lanceolate; inflorescence c. 10.5-14 x 2.5-4 cm, fairly densely 5-10 flowered; bracts 5-6 cm long, leafy with transparent papillose hairs; pedicel c. 6 cm long, ovary 1-1.5 cm long; sepals white with tips golden-yellow; petals and lip yellow, whitish at the base; dorsal sepal reflexed, 10-12 x 4 mm; lateral sepals spreading, 11-12 x 4-5 mm, obliquely semi-ovate; petals 2-lobed, upper lobe erect, 8.5-11 x 1.3-2 mm, oblong to oblanceolate, curved; lower lobe erect, 12-14 x 1-1.5 mm, oblong, curved; lip 3-lobed to 2 mm from base; mid-lobe 16-18 x 0.5 mm, linear, apex bent forward; side lobes 12-13 x 1-1.5 mm, lanceolate; spur 5-7.5 cm long, pendent, slender, swollen in last 1.5 cm; anther 2-3 mm high, canals 9-10 mm long; stigmatic arms, 9-11 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Marshy grasslands
Altitude range: 1360 m (approx)
Flowering time:Jan – Mar
Worldwide distribution: DRC to Tanzania south to Zambia and Malawi
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 March 2018

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 126.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria macroplectron:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria macroplectron
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria macroplectron
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria macroplectron
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria macroplectron
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria macroplectron
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria macroplectron
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria macroplectron
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria macroplectron
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria macroplectron
Tropicos: Habenaria macroplectron
Wikipedia: Habenaria macroplectron

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria macroplectron.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208990, retrieved 23 September 2023

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