Habenaria nicholsonii Rolfe

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb c. 40 cm tall.Stem erect, with 2 basal foliage leaves and about 6 sheath-like leaves scattered along its length.Basal leaves appressed to ground, the larger 3–3.5 × 3–4.5 cm, ± orbicular, cordate at base.Inflorescence 10–16 × 5–8 cm, laxly 3–8-flowered; bracts up to 18 mm long.Sepals green, petals and lip white.Ovary and pedicel c. 25 mm long.Dorsal sepal erect, 11 × 5–5.5 mm, elliptic, convex; lateral sepals 12 × 2–2.5 mm, reflexed, rolled up lengthways.Petals 11 × 2.5 mm, entire, falcate, adnate to dorsal sepal.Lip 3-lobed to c. 2 mm from base; mid-lobe 13–16 × 2.3–3 mm; side lobes 18–22 × 5–8.5 mm; spur 20–21 mm long, swollenin apical half.Anther 2–3.5 mm high; stigmatic arms 5 mm long.(Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Type location:
Zambia, Chipata
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: South DRC to Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 129 - 130.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 65 - 67. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria nicholsonii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria nicholsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria nicholsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria nicholsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria nicholsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria nicholsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria nicholsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria nicholsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria nicholsonii
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria nicholsonii
Tropicos: Habenaria nicholsonii
Wikipedia: Habenaria nicholsonii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria nicholsonii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209030, retrieved 3 December 2023

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