Habenaria pasmithii G.Will.

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Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb up to 90 cm tall; stem leafy, lowest sheath-like, mid-stem leaves largest up to 29 x 1.2 cm, erect; inflorescence fairly densely 12-16 flowered; flowers suberect, green with white lip; spur 20-23 mm long, pendent or horizontal, twisted in the middle.
Differs from H. rautaneniana in the minutely papillose sepals, glabrous lip and a straight spur not inflated at the apex. Furthermore differs from H. calvilabris in narrower leaves, non-papillose ovary and narrower petal lobes.
Type location:
Notes: Possible species used in the chikanda orchid trade.
Derivation of specific name: pasmithii: named after P.A. Smith a collector in Botswana who collected the type specimen.
Habitat: Water meadows or slow-flowing water to 60 cm deep.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Known from northern Botswana and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic?
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 115.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 128.

Williamson, G. (1982). A new Habenaria (Orchidaceae) from Botswana Kirkia 12(2) Pages 199 - 201. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria pasmithii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria pasmithii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria pasmithii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria pasmithii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria pasmithii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria pasmithii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria pasmithii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria pasmithii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria pasmithii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria pasmithii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria pasmithii
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria pasmithii
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria pasmithii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria pasmithii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria pasmithii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria pasmithii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria pasmithii
Tropicos: Habenaria pasmithii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria pasmithii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209060, retrieved 23 April 2018

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