Habenaria rhopalostigma Kraenzl.

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Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria rhopalostigma

Natural habitat is usually Brachystegia woodlands
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Nov 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria nephrophylla Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Plants up to 40 cm tall growing from ovoid to elliptic wooly tubers 1-2 cm long; stem erect with 1 basal leaf and 3-6 ┬▒sheathing leaves; basal leaf appressed to ground, 3-4.5 x 3.5-5 cm, orbicular to kidney-shaped, somewhat fleshy; sheathing leaves 20-35 mm long; inflorescence short bearing 3-6 flowers; pedicel and ovary up to 80 mm long; bracts loose, c. 25 mm long; flowers green and white; dorsal sepal erect, 13-17 x 8-10 mm, ovate, convex; lateral sepals deflexed, 17-25 x 10 mm, obliquely oblanceolate, with a hooked lateral apiculus c. 3mm long; petals 2-lobed ┬▒ to base, upper lobe erect, attached to dorsal sepal, linear, 13-17 x 1 mm, lower lobe 5-9.5 cm x 1.5 mm, becoming filiform; lip 3-lobed with undivided base 4-6 mm long, all lobes pendent end filiform, mid-lobe 2-4 cm long, side lobes 5-10 cm long; spur 10-17 cm long, pendent, swollen towards the apex.
Type location:
Zambia, Mbala
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: rhopalostigma: referring to the club-shaped stigma
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland
Altitude range: 1200 - 1350 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Burundi and Tanzania south to DRC, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 5 September 2019
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 143.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 63 - 64. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria rhopalostigma:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria rhopalostigma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria rhopalostigma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria rhopalostigma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria rhopalostigma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria rhopalostigma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria rhopalostigma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria rhopalostigma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria rhopalostigma
iNaturalist: Habenaria rhopalostigma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria rhopalostigma
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria rhopalostigma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria rhopalostigma
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria rhopalostigma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria rhopalostigma
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria rhopalostigma
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria rhopalostigma
Tropicos: Habenaria rhopalostigma
Wikipedia: Habenaria rhopalostigma


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria rhopalostigma.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209110, retrieved 23 September 2019

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