Habenaria xanthochlora Schltr.

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Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Habenaria xanthochlora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to ChoziView, Nyika National Park

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Uncommon
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 40–70 cm high. Stem leafy with 8-12 leaves, lanceolate, up to 10 cm, long, lowermost sheathing, upper ones grading into bracts. Inflorescence 10–20 cm long, fairly densely many-flowered; bracts lanceolate, up to 27 mm long, overtopping the flowers. Flowers curving outwards, green outside, yellowish inside. Dorsal sepal broadly lanceolate, convex, 6-7 mm long; lateral sepals spreading, oblong or oblong-elliptic, a bit longer and narrower than dorsal sepal. Petals entire, narrowly lanceolate, c. 5.5 mm long, curved. Lip 3-lobed with undivided base c. 2 mm long; all lobes narrowly lanceolate, 5.5–7 mm long, the mid-lobe longer and broader than the side lobes, pointing outwards; spur 5–6 mm long.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: xanthochlora: yellow-green.
Habitat: Montane grassland.
Altitude range: 2135 - 2350 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania and the Nyika in Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 8 March 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 68.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 56.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 40 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria xanthochlora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria xanthochlora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria xanthochlora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria xanthochlora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria xanthochlora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria xanthochlora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria xanthochlora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria xanthochlora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria xanthochlora
iNaturalist: Habenaria xanthochlora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria xanthochlora
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria xanthochlora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria xanthochlora
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria xanthochlora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria xanthochlora
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria xanthochlora
Tropicos: Habenaria xanthochlora
Wikipedia: Habenaria xanthochlora


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria xanthochlora.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209210, retrieved 3 December 2021

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