Disa praecox (Lindl.) H.P. Linder

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Disa praecox

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nyika Plateau National Park.

Disa praecox

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nyika Plateau National Park.

Disa praecox

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nyika Plateau National Park.

Disa praecox

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nyika Plateau National Park.

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Synonyms: Herschelia praecox Lindl.
Herschelianthe praecox (H.P. Linder) H.P. Linder
Common names:
Frequency: Very local and uncommon
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 20–40 cm tall. Basal leaves c. 6, produced after flowering, c. 30 cm long and 1–2 mm wide, semi-erect. Leaves along the stem few, completely sheathing, 2–3 cm long. Inflorescence laxly 2–10-flowered, 4–13 cm long. Bracts dry, ovate, c. 1 cm long. Flowers white to blue or dark-mauve. Dorsal sepal hooded erect, 10–12 mm tall, c. 8 mm wide, with an erect to reflexed apex. Spur 3–5 mm long, cylindrical or laterally flattened, horizontal or gradually ascending. Lateral sepals narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 10–12 mm long. Lip narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 11–13 mm long, curved upwards, margins almost entire to shallowly fimbriate on the sides.
Type location:
Zambia, Nyika.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: praecox: "very early", referring to the very early flowering time of this species.
Habitat: Montane grassland.
Altitude range: Above 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Only known from the Nyika Plateau in Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 23 August 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 321.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 194 - 195. As Herschelianthe praecox

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 127. as Herschelianthe praecox (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. (1985). Notes on the orchids of Southern tropical Africa I: Brownleea and Herschelia Kew Bulletin 40(1) Page 127. as Herschelianthe praecox

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Willis, C.K., Burrows, J.E., Fish, L., Phiri, P.S.M., Chikuni, A.C. & Golding, J. (2001). Developing a greater understanding of the flora of the Nyika Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71(2) Page 999. As Herschelianthe praecox

Other sources of information about Disa praecox:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Disa praecox

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa praecox
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa praecox
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa praecox
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Disa praecox
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Disa praecox
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa praecox
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Disa praecox
iNaturalist: Disa praecox
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa praecox
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa praecox
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Disa praecox
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Disa praecox
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa praecox
Plants of the World Online: Disa praecox
The Plant List (version 1.1): Disa praecox
Tropicos: Disa praecox
Wikipedia: Disa praecox


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Disa praecox.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209490, retrieved 20 September 2019

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