Satyrium crassicaule Rendle

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Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

Satyrium crassicaule

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chozi View Point, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Satyrium fischeranum Kraenzl.
Satyrium goetzenianum Kraenzl.
Satyrium kirkii Rolfe
Satyrium mystacinum Kraenzl.
Satyrium niloticum Rendle
Satyrium usambarae Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust terrestrial herb to 1 m tallgrowing from a short, stout rootstock. Leaves 8–13 scattered along stem with the largest near the stem base, lanceolate, semi-spreading, up to 40 cm long, heavily veined; upper leaves gradually decreasing in size becoming erect and sheath-like. Inflorescence cylindric, densely many-flowered, up to c. 30 cm long. Flowers pale pink; bracts c. 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed, slightly pubescent. Sepals and petals projecting forwards and slightly decurved. Median sepal oblanceolate or elliptic, 5.5–7 mm long; lateral sepals similar but oblique. Petals similar to median sepal. Lip 5–6.5 mm long very convex and hooded with a wide mouth; spurs 8–12 mm long, slender, parallel to ovary.
Type location:
DRC and Uganda
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dambos, bogs and at margins of swamps and lakes.
Altitude range: 1300 - 2250 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 12 May 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 226 - 227. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 333. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 206 - 207. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 135. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 155 - 156. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium crassicaule:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium crassicaule

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium crassicaule
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Satyrium crassicaule
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium crassicaule
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium crassicaule
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Satyrium crassicaule
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Satyrium crassicaule
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium crassicaule
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Satyrium crassicaule
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium crassicaule
Ispot Southern Africa: Satyrium crassicaule
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium crassicaule
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Satyrium crassicaule
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Satyrium crassicaule
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium crassicaule
The Plant List (version 1.1): Satyrium crassicaule
Tropicos: Satyrium crassicaule


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Satyrium crassicaule.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209520, retrieved 18 June 2019

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