Satyrium monadenum Schltr.

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Satyrium monadenum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road between Dam 2 and dam 3, Nyika National Park

Satyrium monadenum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road between Dam 2 and dam 3, Nyika National Park

Satyrium monadenum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road between Dam 2 and dam 3, Nyika National Park

Satyrium monadenum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road between Dam 2 and dam 3, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 30–60 cm, high, sometimes forming colonies; tubers globose to ovoid, 1.5–2 cm long, hairy. Sterile shoot with 3-4 leaves, usually developing at flowering time, the lowest 2 sheath-like, the terminal one lanceolate, c. 5 cm long. Flowering stem purplish in upper half with 6–7 loosely sheathing leaves up to 7 cm long. Inflorescence densely many-flowered, 9–15 cm long. Flowers rich carmine-red; bracts to 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed, tinged red. Sepals and petals spreading and projecting forwards, joined to each other and lip for about a third of their length. Median sepal narrowly oblong, 12–14 mm long, rounded; lateral sepals similar but broader and oblique. Petals similar to median sepal. Lip hooded with a wide mouth, 10–12 mm long, slightly reflexed at the apex. Spurs slender, 12–15 mm long, parallel to ovary.
Type location:
Notes: Red data status: VU A2dD2
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Seasonally wet montane grassland
Altitude range: Above 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, northern Malawi and Zambia (Nyika only)
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 23 March 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 230 - 231. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 335. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 209.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 137. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 93 - 94. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium monadenum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium monadenum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium monadenum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium monadenum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium monadenum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium monadenum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Satyrium monadenum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium monadenum
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium monadenum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium monadenum
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium monadenum
Tropicos: Satyrium monadenum
Wikipedia: Satyrium monadenum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Satyrium monadenum., retrieved 25 April 2024

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