Gladiolus laxiflorus Baker

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Gladiolus laxiflorus

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Chimpempe
Oct 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Gladiolus laxiflorus

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Chimpempe
Oct 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Gladiolus laxiflorus

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Chimpempe
Oct 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Gladiolus antunesii Baker
Gladiolus trichophyllus Diels
Gladiolus tritonioides Baker
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Plants (20)40-70 cm tall; corms 25-30 mm in diameter, depressed-globose, usually dark-red and persisting for several years, tunics coriaceous to membranous and fragmenting irregularly; foliage leaves 3-6, lower 2-4 basal and laminate, starting to emerge around flowering time, largest up to 35 cm long and 4-6 mm wide, linear to narrowly lanceolate, margins and midribs moderately thickened, usually lightly pubescent; flowering stems usually 1-2 branched; spike 6-9 flowered, inclined; bracts 10-15(20) mm long, inner usually slightly longer than outer; flowers purple to pinkish, without markings or 1 or all lower tepals with small yellow mark in distal half; perianth tube c. 10 mm long; tepals unequal with upper larger than lower, 30-35 x 13-15 mm at widest, lanceolate; capsules 15-22 mm long, ellipsoid-obovoid.
Type location:
Angola
Notes: Red Data list status: Widespread; not threatened
Derivation of specific name: laxiflorus: with lax of open inflorescences
Habitat: In wet sites such as marshes, dambos and stream banks.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Angola east through Zambia, Shaba province of DRC to Malawi and south west Tanzania.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 11 April 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 310.

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 75 - 76.

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 115 - 118.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Gladiolus laxiflorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus laxiflorus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus laxiflorus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus laxiflorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus laxiflorus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus laxiflorus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus laxiflorus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus laxiflorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gladiolus laxiflorus
iNaturalist: Gladiolus laxiflorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus laxiflorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus laxiflorus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus laxiflorus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus laxiflorus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus laxiflorus
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus laxiflorus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gladiolus laxiflorus
Tropicos: Gladiolus laxiflorus
Wikipedia: Gladiolus laxiflorus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gladiolus laxiflorus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=211900, retrieved 19 October 2019

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