Gladiolus muenzneri Vaupel

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Gladiolus muenzneri

Picture: Michello Rowe
Along M9 between Thazima Gate and Zambia border, Nyika National Park.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Plants 30–60 cm high, growing from corms 20–35 mm in diameter; tunics brownish, more or less leathery or fibrous. Foliage leaves 2–3, entirely sheathing or with short occasionally narrowly lanceolate blades 1–12 cm long; margins and midribs hyaline and usually slightly thickened. Stem erect, unbranched. Spike 2–8-flowered; bracts 18–25 mm long, the inner somewhat shorter than the outer and apically bifid. Flowers white to cream, pale yellowish, mauve, pink or pale orange, lacking contrasting markings on the lower tepals; perianth tube 7–8 mm long; tepals nearly equal, 20–25 mm long, directed forwards and weakly curving outward. Filaments 4–5 mm long, usually included in the perianth tube. Capsules globose, 10–12 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: muenzneri: named after Max Münzner, German botanist who participated in the Fromm Expedition to western Tanzania in 1908.
Habitat: In deciduous woodland and submontane grassland.
Altitude range: 1200 - 1 m
Flowering time:Dec-Feb
Worldwide distribution: Southwestern Tanzania, northern Malawi and northern Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 23 February 2020

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 310. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Page 83. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 133 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 116.

Other sources of information about Gladiolus muenzneri:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus muenzneri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus muenzneri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus muenzneri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus muenzneri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus muenzneri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gladiolus muenzneri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus muenzneri
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus muenzneri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus muenzneri
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus muenzneri
Tropicos: Gladiolus muenzneri
Wikipedia: Gladiolus muenzneri

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gladiolus muenzneri., retrieved 17 April 2024

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