Cyperus matagoroensis Muasya & D.A. Simpson

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Cyperus matagoroensis

Upland hill miombo woodland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Cyperus matagoroensis

Upland hill miombo woodland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Cyperus matagoroensis

Upland hill miombo woodland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Perennial up to 55 cm tall, with short rhizome; culms moderately to densely tufted, 30–50 cm long, 0.7–0.9 mm wide, trigonous, smooth, densely covered at base by fibrous, dark reddish- brown to blackish leaf sheath remains. Leaves up to 32 cm long; leaf sheath brownish, 1.5–2 cm long; leaf blade narrowly linear, v-shaped in cross-section, 17–30 cm long, 0.5–0.7 mm wide, scabrid on the margins, apex acute. Involucral bracts leaf – like, spreading, 3–4, lowermost 1.5–2.2 cm long. Inflorescence simple, primary branches 3–4, 0.5–3 cm long; spikelets in digitate clusters, at the end of primary branches, 2–4 per cluster, elliptic-lanceolate to lanceolate, 8–10 mm long, 2–3 mm wide, rachilla straight; glumes dark reddish-brown with pale brown margins, ovate, 2.3–2.7 mm long, 0.5–0.7 mm wide, sides membraneous, 1-veined on each side, keel green, apex acute. Nutlet dark reddish, ellipsoid, trigonous, 1.3– 1.6 mm long, 0.6–0.8 mm wide, minutely papillose.
Type location:
Notes: Cyperus matagoroensis was regarded by its describers as being close to C. nyererei, from which it differs in its narrower leaves, longer inflorescence branches, reddish brown spikelets and shorter glumes.
Derivation of specific name: matagoroensis: of the Matagoro Hills in Tanzania where the type specimen was collected
Habitat: Dry open grassland, dry stream banks, on and between large rocks on sandy soil
Altitude range: 1400 - 2150 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 25 July 2023

Browning, J., Gordon-Gray, K.D., Lock, M., Beentje, H., Vollesen, K., Bauters, K., Archer, C., Larridon, I., Xanthos, M., Vorster, P., Bruhl, J., Wilson, K. & Zhang, X. (2020). Cyperaceae Flora Zambesiaca 14 Pages 215 - 216.

Other sources of information about Cyperus matagoroensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus matagoroensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus matagoroensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus matagoroensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus matagoroensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyperus matagoroensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus matagoroensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus matagoroensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus matagoroensis
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus matagoroensis
Tropicos: Cyperus matagoroensis
Wikipedia: Cyperus matagoroensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cyperus matagoroensis., retrieved 3 December 2023

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