7138.000 Verbena L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems 4-angled. Leaves opposite or sometimes in whorls of 3. Flowers bracteate, terminal, in simple spikes or panicles of spikes. Calyx tubular, distinctly and ± unequally (4-)5-toothed, 5-ribbed. Corolla funnel- or salver-shaped; limb 5-lobed, ± spreading. Stamens (2-)4(-5), included, didynamous. Ovary entire or 4-lobed, 4-locular with 1 ovule per loculus. Fruit splitting into 4 nutlets at maturity, enveloped in the persistent calyx.

Worldwide: 200 species in tropical and temperate America, incl 2-3 in temperate Europe; others weeds elsewhere

Zambia: 4 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
aristigera S. MooreWCbDescription, Image
bonariensis L.SLk,SDescription, Image
litoralis KunthWCb,Lk
officinalis L. subsp. africana R. Fern. & Verdc.C,SLk,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Verbena:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Verbena
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Verbena
Flora of Malawi: Verbena
Flora of Mozambique: Verbena
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Verbena
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Verbena
Flora of Zimbabwe: Verbena
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbena

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Verbena
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Verbena
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Verbena
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Verbena
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Verbena
Plants of the World Online: Verbena
Tropicos: Verbena
Wikipedia: Verbena

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Verbena.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1201, retrieved 24 April 2024

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