Verbena litoralis Kunth

We have few details about this taxon; if you can provide any information, photos or reliable records, please contact one of the site authors. Email addresses are given on the home page.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Introduced
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: litoralis: of the seashore
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 12 - 13.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 246.

Other sources of information about Verbena litoralis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Verbena litoralis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Verbena litoralis
African Plant Database: Verbena litoralis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Verbena litoralis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena litoralis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Verbena litoralis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Verbena litoralis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena litoralis
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena litoralis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Verbena litoralis
Plants of the World Online: Verbena litoralis
Tropicos: Verbena litoralis
Wikipedia: Verbena litoralis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Verbena litoralis., retrieved 4 March 2024

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