Odyssea paucinervis (Nees) Stapf

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Synonyms: Dactylis paucinervis Nees
Diplachne paucinervis (Nees) Hack.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial mat-grass with long stout deeply penetrating rhizomes bearing dense fascicles of spiny glaucous shoots at the nodes; culms up to 35(60) cm tall, ascending, branched only at the base; leaf laminas 0.5–4(5) cm × 1–3(4) mm, linear-lanceolate, convolute-subulate, rigid and pungent.Panicle 2–7 × 0.6–2 cm, linear-oblong to obovate-oblong; racemes 1–3 cm long, erect, bearing 3–14 spikelets.Spikelets 3–7(10)-flowered, 4–12 mm long, elliptic to narrowly oblong-elliptic; glumes unequal, the inferior 1.8–2.4 mm long, broadly lanceolate, acute, the superior 2.7–3.3 mm long, oblong to elliptic-oblong, ± obtuse, sometimes mucronulate; lemmas 2.6–3.5(4) mm long, narrowly ovate.Caryopsis 1.1–1.2 mm long, elliptic-oblong, slightly concave on the hilar side.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Colonising and often dominant in extensive open areas of seasonal pans, or fringing small dambos, often in sandy brackish soil near water, sometimes locally frequent on sandy alluvium
Altitude range: 180 - 920 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Somalia, Tanzania, Africa south of the Congo River, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 34 - 35. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Other sources of information about Odyssea paucinervis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Odyssea paucinervis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Odyssea paucinervis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Odyssea paucinervis
African Plant Database: Odyssea paucinervis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Odyssea paucinervis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Odyssea paucinervis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Odyssea paucinervis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Odyssea paucinervis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Odyssea paucinervis
JSTOR Plant Science: Odyssea paucinervis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Odyssea paucinervis
Plants of the World Online: Odyssea paucinervis
Tropicos: Odyssea paucinervis
Wikipedia: Odyssea paucinervis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Odyssea paucinervis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104550, retrieved 26 February 2024

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