Panicum brazzavillense Franch.

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Synonyms: Panicum frederici Rendle
Panicum ianthum Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
A caespitose perennial with slender erect culms (20)30–60(85) cm. high. Leaf laminae 10–20(25) cm. long, linear, acuminate. Panicle 3–15(20) cm. long, ovate or oblong. Spikelets 1.2–1.7 mm. long, ovate or orbicular, sparsely to densely pubescent, rarely glabrous; inferior glume 2/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, enclosing a male flower, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea verruculose.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, northwards to Uganda and West Africa, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 20.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86. As Trichanthecium brazzavillense

Other sources of information about Panicum brazzavillense:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Panicum brazzavillense
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum brazzavillense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum brazzavillense
African Plant Database: Panicum brazzavillense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum brazzavillense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum brazzavillense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum brazzavillense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum brazzavillense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum brazzavillense
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum brazzavillense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum brazzavillense
Plants of the World Online: Panicum brazzavillense
Tropicos: Panicum brazzavillense
Wikipedia: Panicum brazzavillense

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum brazzavillense., retrieved 25 February 2024

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