G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Zambia: 61 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth)
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
adenophorum K.Schum. NN
atrosanguineum A. Rich.N,SLk
brazzavillense Franch.B,N,W,CNw,C
brevifolium L.SS
bullockii Renvoize [LR-lc]NN
carneovaginatum Renvoize N,W,SNw,Mc,S
chambeshii RenvoizeNN,Mc
chionachne Mez N,WNw,NDescription, Image
claytonii Renvoize N,W,ENw,Mc
coloratum L. var. coloratum N,SN,Lk,W
comorense Mez EE,Lk
delicatulum Fig. & de Not.NNDescription, Image
deustum Thunb.CLk
dregeanum NeesN,W,C,E,SNw,CDescription, Image
ecklonii NeesN,WNw
ephemerum Renvoize WNw
flacciflorum Stapf NN
fluviicola Steud.N,W,ENw
funaense Vanderyst B,NW
glandulopaniculatum RenvoizeNLp
gracilicaule RendleN,W,C,E,SNw,Lk
graciliflorum Rendle C,ELk
graniflorum StapfB,W,SNw,W
habrothrix Renvoize WNw
hanningtonii Stapf EE
haplocaulos Pilg.N,SC,S
heterostachyum Hack.B,N,W,C,E,SC,Lk,S,W
hirtum Lam.
hymeniochilum NeesNNDescription
infestum Andersson ex PetersNN
kalaharense MezW
lindleyanum Steud. N,W,CNw,Lp
lukwangulense Pilg.
madipirense MezB,N,C,E,SS
margaritiferum (Chiov.) Robyns N,WNw,Lp
massaiense Mez C,EN
maximum Jacq.C,E,SC,LkDescription, Image
merkeri MezC,SC,Lk
mlahiense Renvoize NN
natalense Hochst.B,WNw,C,Lk
nervatum (Franch.) StapfN,C,SN,C
nigromarginatum Robyns N,W,SCb,SDescription
novemnerve StapfCLk
pansum Rendle NN
parvifolium Lam. B,N,CNw,N,W
pectinellum Stapf N,W,CNw,C
perangustatum Renvoize [DD]NN
phippsii Renvoize [DD]NN
phragmitoides StapfNMc
pole-evansii C.E. Hubb.NN
porphyrrhizos Steud.C,E,SS
pseudoracemosum Renvoize [LR-lc]N,WNw
repens L.B,N,W,SCb,S,W
repentellum NapperC,SLk,S
sadinii (Vanderyst) Renvoize N,WNw
subalbidum KunthB,N,E,SC,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.CC
trichoides Sw.SLk
trichonode Launert & RenvoizeB,W,SCb,LkDescription
walense Mez N,E,SN,S
zambesiense RenvoizeC,SS

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Panicum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 26 August 2019

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