G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Zambia: 61 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth)
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift)
No image yet

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
adenophorum K.Schum. NN
atrosanguineum A. Rich.N,SLkDescription
brazzavillense Franch.B,N,W,CNw,CDescription
brevifolium L.SSDescription
bullockii Renvoize [LR-lc]NN
carneovaginatum Renvoize N,W,SNw,Mc,S
chambeshii RenvoizeNN,McDescription
chionachne Mez N,WNw,NDescription, Image
claytonii Renvoize N,W,ENw,Mc
coloratum L. var. coloratum N,SN,Lk,WDescription
comorense Mez EE,Lk
delicatulum Fig. & de Not.NNDescription, Image
deustum Thunb.C,SLkDescription
dregeanum NeesN,W,C,E,SNw,CDescription, Image
ecklonii NeesN,WNwDescription
ephemerum Renvoize WNw
flacciflorum Stapf NN
fluviicola Steud.N,W,ENwDescription
funaense Vanderyst B,NW
glandulopaniculatum RenvoizeNLpDescription
gracilicaule RendleN,W,C,E,SNw,LkDescription
graciliflorum Rendle C,ELk
graniflorum StapfB,W,SNw,WDescription
habrothrix Renvoize WNw
hanningtonii Stapf EE
haplocaulos Pilg.N,SC,SDescription
heterostachyum Hack.B,N,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,C,SDescription, Image
hirtum Lam.
hymeniochilum NeesNNDescription
infestum Andersson ex PetersNNDescription
kalaharense MezWDescription
lindleyanum Steud. N,W,CNw,Lp
lukwangulense Pilg.
madipirense MezB,N,C,E,SSDescription
margaritiferum (Chiov.) Robyns N,WNw,Lp
massaiense Mez C,EN
maximum Jacq.C,E,SC,LkDescription, Image
merkeri MezC,SC,LkDescription
mlahiense Renvoize NN
natalense Hochst.B,WNw,C,LkDescription
nervatum (Franch.) StapfN,C,SN,CDescription
nigromarginatum Robyns N,W,SCb,SDescription
novemnerve StapfCLkDescription
pansum Rendle NN
parvifolium Lam. B,N,CNw,N,W
pectinellum Stapf N,W,CNw,C
perangustatum Renvoize [DD]NN
phippsii Renvoize [DD]NN
phragmitoides StapfNMcDescription
pole-evansii C.E. Hubb.NN
porphyrrhizos Steud.C,E,SSDescription
pseudoracemosum Renvoize [LR-lc]N,WNw
repens L.B,N,W,SCb,S,WDescription
repentellum NapperC,SLk,SDescription
sadinii (Vanderyst) Renvoize N,WNw
subalbidum KunthB,N,E,SC,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.CCDescription
trichoides Sw.SLkDescription
trichonode Launert & RenvoizeB,W,SCb,LkDescription
walense Mez N,E,SN,S
zambesiense RenvoizeC,SSDescription

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum
Tropicos: Panicum
Wikipedia: Panicum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Panicum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 27 May 2024

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