Panicum deustum Thunb.

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Synonyms: Panicum arundinifolium Schweinf.
Panicum corymbiferum Steud.
Panicum leptocaulon Trin.
Panicum menyharthii Hack.
Panicum pubivaginatum K. Schum.
Panicum unguiculatum Trin.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted or shortly rhizomatous perennial; culms slender or robust, 70–250 cm. high. Leaf laminae 15–48 × 0.5–3.5(4) cm., linear to narrowly lanceolate, cordate or amplexicaul at the base, acuminate. Panicle 10–40 cm. long, ovate to oblong, the primary branches stiff and usually ascending, rarely spreading, secondary branches usually very short, antrorsely scaberulous, pilose and clavellate-hairy or glabrous. Spikelets 3.5–5(5.5) mm. long, oblong, glabrous, obtuse. Inferior glume broadly ovate, 1/2–2/3the length of the spikelet, 5–7-nerved; superior glume 7-nerved, as long as the spikelet. Inferior lemma 5-nerved, male, its palea well developed. Superior lemma and palea dull or shining.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In forest, deciduous bushland and grassland on argillaceous or arenaceous soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: recorded from Sudan and Ethiopa to South Africa, introduced sporadically throughout the tropics, Botswana, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gnophodes betsimena diversa (Larval foodplant)
Metisella metis paris (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 14 - 15.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Panicum deustum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum deustum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum deustum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum deustum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum deustum
African Plant Database: Panicum deustum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum deustum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum deustum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum deustum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum deustum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum deustum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Panicum deustum
iNaturalist: Panicum deustum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum deustum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum deustum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum deustum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum deustum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum deustum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum deustum
Tropicos: Panicum deustum
Wikipedia: Panicum deustum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum deustum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106170, retrieved 16 October 2021

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