Panicum fluviicola Steud.

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Synonyms: Panicum aphanoneurum Stapf
Panicum purpurascens Mez
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial with robust unbranched or sparsely branched culms 60–230 cm. high. Leaf laminae 25–50 cm. long and 3–12 mm. wide, linear, tapering to a pungent apex. Panicle 15–45 cm. long, oblong, moderately to much branched, the branches appressed or ascending, loose or contracted. Spikelets mostly shortly pedicelled, 2–2.5 mm. long, ovate, glabrous; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, (1)3–5-nerved, recurved acuminate or produced into an awn point; superior glume 5(7)-nerved, ovate, recurved acute or acuminate; inferior lemma 5-nerved, ovate, acute to acuminate, its palea well developed, enclosing a male flower, superior lemma smooth and glossy.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: in wet grassland
Altitude range: 350 - 1630 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Distributed throughout tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 24 - 25.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 479. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Panicum fluviicola:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum fluviicola
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum fluviicola
Flora of Malawi: Panicum fluviicola
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum fluviicola
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum fluviicola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum fluviicola
African Plant Database: Panicum fluviicola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum fluviicola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum fluviicola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum fluviicola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum fluviicola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum fluviicola
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum fluviicola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum fluviicola
Plants of the World Online: Panicum fluviicola
Tropicos: Panicum fluviicola
Wikipedia: Panicum fluviicola

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum fluviicola., retrieved 14 June 2024

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