Panicum haplocaulos Pilg.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Slender, glabrous or sparsely pilose annual with erect culms 25–60 cm. high. Leaf laminae 7–25 cm. long and 2–6 mm. wide, linear, acuminate. Panicle 5–20 cm. long, ovate, sparsely to moderately branched, the branches delicate, ascending or spreading. Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, ovate-elliptic, glabrous, acute or apiculate; inferior glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 3-nerved, acute; superior glume ovate, 7-nerved, acute; inferior lemma ovate, 7-nerved, sterile, its palea absent; superior lemma and palea dark, glossy.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dambos and flooded grassland
Altitude range: 1100 - 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: from Senegal to Sudan and southwards to Zambia and Malawi, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 26.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Other sources of information about Panicum haplocaulos:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Panicum haplocaulos
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum haplocaulos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum haplocaulos
African Plant Database: Panicum haplocaulos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum haplocaulos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum haplocaulos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum haplocaulos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum haplocaulos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum haplocaulos
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum haplocaulos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum haplocaulos
Plants of the World Online: Panicum haplocaulos
Tropicos: Panicum haplocaulos
Wikipedia: Panicum haplocaulos

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum haplocaulos., retrieved 25 February 2024

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