Panicum heterostachyum Hack.

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Panicum heterostachyum

Habit
Itigi thicket
Nsumbu National Park
May 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Panicum heterostachyum

Inflorescence
Itigi thicket
Nsumbu National Park
May 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Annual with erect or ascending culms 20-80 cm. long; leaf lamina 8-12 cm. long and 10-25(40) mm. wide, ovate or narrowly-ovate, thin, acute to acuminate; panicle 4-15 cm. long, much-branched, branches rather stiff and bearing conspicuous glandular patches; spikelets 1.5 mm. long, asymmetrically ovate, sparsely to densely pubescent or hairy; inferior glume as long as spikelet, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma hyaline, 5-nerved, its palea moderately developed, sterile; superior lemma and palea membranous, not glossy, scaberulous.
Type location:
Ethiopia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Bushland or savannah
Altitude range: 30 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa but in Botswana, Zambia Mozambique and Zimbabwe in the Flora Zambesiaca region
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 25 July 2020
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 34.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Panicum heterostachyum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum heterostachyum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum heterostachyum
African Plant Database: Panicum heterostachyum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum heterostachyum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum heterostachyum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum heterostachyum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum heterostachyum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum heterostachyum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Panicum heterostachyum
iNaturalist: Panicum heterostachyum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum heterostachyum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum heterostachyum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum heterostachyum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum heterostachyum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum heterostachyum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum heterostachyum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Panicum heterostachyum
Tropicos: Panicum heterostachyum
Wikipedia: Panicum heterostachyum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum heterostachyum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106260, retrieved 19 September 2020

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