Panicum kalaharense Mez

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Common names:
Robust perennial of caespitose or shortly rhizomatous habit; culms 100–200 cm. tall, arising from a pubescent base. Leaf laminae 20–50 cm. long and 2–7 mm. wide, tough, linear, flat or involute, acuminate. Panicle 19–27 cm. long, broadly ovate, moderately to much branched. Spikelets 3–4 mm. long ovate, pinched at the apex; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 5-nerved, acute or acuminate; superior glume 5–7-nerved; inferior lemma 7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea pallid or dark, glossy.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland and savanna on sandy soils
Altitude range: 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 31 - 33. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 481. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Panicum kalaharense:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum kalaharense
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum kalaharense
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum kalaharense
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum kalaharense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum kalaharense
African Plant Database: Panicum kalaharense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum kalaharense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum kalaharense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum kalaharense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum kalaharense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum kalaharense
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum kalaharense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum kalaharense
Plants of the World Online: Panicum kalaharense
Tropicos: Panicum kalaharense
Wikipedia: Panicum kalaharense

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum kalaharense., retrieved 27 February 2024

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