Panicum trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial with slender, scrambling culms 20–300 cm. long. Leaf laminae 5–15(18) cm. long and 4–18 mm. wide, lanceolate, acuminate. Panicle 6–20 cm. long, ovate, densely hairy on the main axis immediately below the lowest branches, rarely glabrous. Spikelets (2.2)2.5–3 mm. long, oblong, overtopped by long cilia from the apex of the pedicel; inferior glume 1/8–1/4 the length of the spikelet, scale-like, nerveless, obtuse or truncate; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5–7-nerved, enclosing a male flower, its palea well developed; superior lemma smooth.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Bush or forest shade, on stony or arenaceous soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Northwards to DRC and Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 17.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 52.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Other sources of information about Panicum trichocladum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Panicum trichocladum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum trichocladum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum trichocladum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum trichocladum
African Plant Database: Panicum trichocladum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum trichocladum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum trichocladum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum trichocladum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum trichocladum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum trichocladum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Panicum trichocladum
iNaturalist: Panicum trichocladum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum trichocladum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum trichocladum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum trichocladum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum trichocladum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum trichocladum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum trichocladum
Tropicos: Panicum trichocladum
Wikipedia: Panicum trichocladum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Panicum trichocladum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106500, retrieved 27 October 2021

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