Echinochloa frumentacea Link

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Synonyms: Echinochloa colona (L.) Link var. frumentacea (Link) Ridl.
Common names:
Status: Introduced
Robust annual. Culms 30–150 cm. high, erect; ligule absent. Inflorescence 6–20 cm. long, lanceolate, congested; racemes 1–3 cm. long, several-rowed with crowded spikelets, simple, densely overlapping. Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, plump and often gaping to expose superior floret, ± tardily deciduous, yellowish or pallid, pubescent to hispid. Inferior floret barren, its lemma shortly acute. Superior lemma 2–3 mm. long
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Cultivated as a minor grain crop, or occurring as an escape in inhabited places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Asia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 55.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 37.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 67.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Other sources of information about Echinochloa frumentacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa frumentacea
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa frumentacea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa frumentacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa frumentacea
African Plant Database: Echinochloa frumentacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa frumentacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa frumentacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa frumentacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Echinochloa frumentacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa frumentacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa frumentacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa frumentacea
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa frumentacea
Tropicos: Echinochloa frumentacea
Wikipedia: Echinochloa frumentacea

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Echinochloa frumentacea., retrieved 5 October 2023

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