G.476. Echinochloa P. Beauv.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: ligule present or 0. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets paired or in short secondary racemes, typically densely packed in 4 rows. Spikelets narrowly elliptic to suborbicular, flat on one side, gibbous on the other, often hispidulous, sometimes stipitate; apex usually cuspidate or awned; lower glume c. 1/3, the upper as long as, the spikelet, both acute or acuminate; lower lemma often stiffly awned; upper crustaceous with an incurved beak at apex; apex of upper palea briefly reflexed and slightly protruding from the lemma.

Worldwide: c. 35 species in warm and tropical regions

Zambia: 8 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
colona (L.) LinkN,C,E,SN,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult. N,WCb,N
frumentacea LinkNNDescription
haploclada (Stapf) StapfB,N,W,C,E,SN,E,CDescription
jubata StapfB,SLkDescription
pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & ChaseB,N,W,C,E,SN,C,Lk,WDescription, Image
stagnina (Retz.) P. Beauv.B,N,C,E,SN,C,WDescription
ugandensis Snowden & C.E. Hubb.B,CWDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Echinochloa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Echinochloa
Flora of Caprivi: Echinochloa
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Echinochloa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Echinochloa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Echinochloa
Wikipedia: Echinochloa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Echinochloa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Echinochloa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=194, retrieved 9 February 2023

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