Digitaria compressa Stapf

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Synonyms: Digitaria buchananii Mez
Digitaria capitipila Stapf
Digitaria homblei Robyns
Digitaria katangensis Robyns
Digitaria katangensis var. hirta P. Goetghebeur
Common names:
Status: Native
A tightly caespitose perennial, base surrounded by fibrous, old leaf sheath remnants. Culms 40–100 cm., erect, glabrous to sparsely hairy, nodes (pale or) dark, glabrous to upwards hairy. Leaf sheaths minutely scaberulous. Ligule c. 0.5 mm. long, rim-like, shortly ciliate. Leaf laminae 5–20 × 0.2–0.7 cm., linear, flat or somewhat involute, scaberulous on the superior surface and hairy near the ligule, scaberulous and loosely hairy on the inferior surface, scabrous on the margins. Inflorescence composed of (5)6–13 racemes, 5–18 cm. long, sometimes branched, erect, solitary along a short, robust common axis. Rhachis triquetrous, scarcely winged, up to 0.4 mm. broad, smooth with scabrous margins. Pedicels (2)3-nate, 0.5–4.5 mm. long, subtriangular, scabrous, broadened at the apex. Spikelets 2.6–3.5 mm. long, oblong-lanceolate. Inferior glume short, truncate, nerveless, hyaline. Superior glume 1/3–2/3(4/5) of the spikelet, ovate, (1)3-nerved, hyaline, glabrous or appressed hairy, hairs hyaline-white, slightly undulating, apex obpyriform or broadened and obtuse. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, with recurved margins, 7-nerved, nerves equidistant, hyaline, glabrous or appressed hairy. Superior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, dark brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In degraded Brachystegia woodland, dambos and vlei verges.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 147. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 35. As Digitaria capitipila

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Other sources of information about Digitaria compressa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Digitaria compressa
Flora of Mozambique: Digitaria compressa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria compressa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria compressa
African Plant Database: Digitaria compressa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria compressa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria compressa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Digitaria compressa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Digitaria compressa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria compressa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Digitaria compressa
iNaturalist: Digitaria compressa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria compressa
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria compressa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Digitaria compressa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Digitaria compressa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria compressa
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria compressa
Tropicos: Digitaria compressa
Wikipedia: Digitaria compressa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Digitaria compressa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107550, retrieved 24 October 2021

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