Digitaria maniculata Stapf

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Common names:
A slender creeping annual, often stoloniferous. Culms 10–30 cm., ascending or erect, glabrous, nodes dark and glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous. Ligule c. 0.5 mm. long, truncate, shortly ciliate. Leaf laminae 1–2.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm., lanceolate to linear, flat, glabrous on both surfaces, scaberulous along the margin, with a few bristle hairs near the base. Inflorescence composed of 1–2 racemes, 2–6 cm. long, erect, one subsessile, the other pedicellate. Rhachis asymmetrically winged, undulating, up to 0.75 mm. broad, smooth with smooth margins. Pedicels 2-nate, 0.5–2.5 mm. long, triangular, smooth to scaberulous, broadened at the apex. Spikelets 2.5–2.7 mm. long, oblong-lanceolate. Inferior glume c.1/4 or less than 1/4 of the spikelet, truncate or slightly bilobed, nerveless, hyaline. Superior glume as long as the spikelet, oblong with recurved margins, 5-nerved, pale green to purplish, appressed hairy, hairs long, fine, with incurved apex, hyaline to bluish purple. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong with recurved margins, 7-nerved, pale green to purplish, appressed hairy and with 2 basal bundles of long, white, finely papillose hairs. Superior lemma shorter than the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, pale green to bluish green
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In short, open grassland on seasonally wet sandy soil, sand banks and dambo margins.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, DRC, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 165. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 134.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 188.

Other sources of information about Digitaria maniculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Digitaria maniculata
Flora of Caprivi: Digitaria maniculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria maniculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria maniculata
African Plant Database: Digitaria maniculata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria maniculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria maniculata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria maniculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria maniculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria maniculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria maniculata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria maniculata
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria maniculata
Tropicos: Digitaria maniculata
Wikipedia: Digitaria maniculata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Digitaria maniculata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107650, retrieved 28 November 2023

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